There are different swimming styles and strokes like breaststroke. This is the most popular swim stroke of all, where both arms execute half-circular movements at the same time under the water. The backstroke is faster than breaststroke but slower than butterfly and it is an excellent workout for the back. There is the butterfly stroke which is a very unique technique since it is performed with the face down in the water and the legs perform a dolphin kick while the arms move in a forward circle at the same time. Sidestroke is not used in swimming competitions. These are some techniques and strokes in swimming just to name a free, but the most useful swim stroke is the free style. It is the fastest and most efficient of the competitive swimming strokes. That is the reason why it is always used in swimming competitions.
Here are the winning steps and tips of free style stroke according to one study:
1. Position your body parallel to the bottom of the pool. You’ll be turning your arms and shoulders and twisting your body as you move your arms, but your head should remain centered until you need to breathe. This position will give you the balance you need to swim freestyle successfully.
2. Your elbow must come out of the water as this will prepare you to move the arm forward as far as you can. The arm that is not extended should hang at your side at the water, about perpendicular to the bottom of the pool, as you extend it backward.
3. Extend the arm as far as you can to maximize your speed and the distance you cover in the pool. Keep your fingers together to make a slight “cup” with your hand. Your other hand should rotate backward until it is parallel with your side.
4. To finish the stroke with the first arm, you’ll need to do the “catch,” which means you should curve your hand back inward toward your belly button, then out again by your hip as your hand “pulls” on the water and exits it. This will help you maximize your control over the water, which will help propel you forward. If you just move your arm back in a straight line, you won’t be able to “catch” the water as well. Then, fully extend your arm behind you so that your thumbs graze the side of your thighs below your suit-line.
5. Breathe every third stroke. Stroke with your right arm, your left arm, and then breathe when you stroke with your right arm again; then, stroke with your left arm, your right arm, and then breathe when you stroke with your left arm again. As you come up to breathe, place your ear on one shoulder with your cheek in the water, giving your mouth enough room to breathe comfortably.